Ikwuano is a Local Government Area (LGA) in Abia state, Nigeria. It has its capital/headquarters is located in a town called Isiala Oboro. The LGA was created on the 27th of August 1991; it was carved out the old Ikwuano-Umuahia Local Government Area. It is made up of about 52 villages and communities. Ikwuano is bound by Ini LGA of Akwa Ibom State in the West and Umuahia in the North.
Ikwuano Local Government Area can be referred to as the food basket of Abia State basically because of rich agricultural produce it is endowed with. Ikwuano as the name implies is derived from the coming together of four (4) Related brothers namely Oboro, Ibere Ariam-Ushaka and Oloko, Ikwu (Relations/Relatives) and Ano (Four 4) Meaning four relations. It is one of the five LGAs that make up Abia Central Senatorial District.