Osun is an island state in south-western Nigeria. It has its capital city as Osogbo. It is bound in the north by Kwara State, in the east partly by Ekiti State and Ondo State, in the south by Ogun State and in the west by Oyo State. The modern Osun was created in 1991 from part of the old Oyo State. The three major religions practiced in the state are Christianity, Islam and Traditional. The nickname of the state is "State of the Virtuous (Ipinle Omoluabi)"
The name Osun comes from a river that flows through the state. It is symbolic because it serves both spiritual and tourist purposes in the state. The river is worshiped annually by devotees. It is also a tourist spot as people from different parts of the country visit the Osun Groove in Osogbo. The river also provides water for irrigation for the agriculturally rich state.